Töötukassa is a quasi-governmental organisation, and a legal person in public law. It performs its activities independently from government, but on the basis of a mission and of operational rules defined by law.
Töötukassa is directed by a Supervisory Board in which the government is an equal stakeholder together with representatives of employers and of employees.
The institution has but one legal name – Eesti Töötukassa. The unofficial translation of that name is “Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund”.
The mission of Töötukassa is to administer the social insurance provisions related to unemployment, and to organise labour market services that help unemployed persons find new employment. The latter task was previously (until 1 May 2009) the responsibility of the Labour Market Board.
Töötukassa implements policies that are set at a political level, and places accents that are relevant to an ever-changing labour market. Yearly Work Plans are implemented on the basis of multi-year Strategy Plans .
The legal basis of the activities of Töötukassa is found in two laws: the Unemployment Insurance Act which describes the unemployment insurance system and the organisation of Töötukassa, and the Labour Market Services and Benefits Act, which contains the provisions concerning job mediation and related services.