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Financial benefits


Lisatud 20.10.2013 | Uuendatud 27.10.2013

If you become unemployed, you may qualify for the unemployment insurance benefit. The right to the unemployment insurance benefit is subject to certain conditions, and is limited in time and in amount.

If you do not meet the conditions to receive an unemployment insurance benefit, you may still be able to receive an unemployment allowance, which is a residual scheme that provides for a minimal financial support.

Töötukassa also provides compensation to employees who are made redundant (redundancy benefit) and to companies that go bankrupt, so that they can meet their obligations towards their employees (insolvency benefit).

Furthermore, certain compensations and financial benefits are connected to participation in trainings, and business start-up subsidies are available for those who want to develop a new economic activity.

Redundancy benefit

The insurance benefit upon redundancy (hereafter the redundancy benefit) is granted to an employee whose employment relationship with the employer lasted for at least five years and

  • whose employment contract was terminated on grounds of redundancy or
  • who terminated their employment contract because the employer, due to circumstances beyond their control, failed to provide the employee with work to the agreed extent or reduced the wages based on subsection 37 (5) of the Employment Contracts Act or
  • whose employment contract was terminated based on subsection 90 of the Civil Service Act.

Insolvency benefit

The purpose of the insolvency benefit (employer's insolvency benefit) is to compensate the employee for the unreceived salary, holiday pay and benefits that had not been received at the time of cancellation of the employment contract but which were prescribed by the Employment Contracts Act. The Unemployment Insurance Fund pays compensation to employees within the set limits. An employer is deemed to be insolvent if a court has declared bankruptcy or terminated the bankruptcy proceedings by abatement.

Working ability allowance

As of 1 January 2017, working ability will solely be assessed and allowances paid by the Unemployment Insurance Fund. If a reassessment of permanent incapacity for work has been scheduled for you in 2017 or thereafter, you must contact the Unemployment Insurance Fund as the date of the reassessment draws closer. Under the new rules, the Unemployment Insurance Fund assesses working ability and pays working ability allowances to those with partial or no working ability. Read further from here: working ability allowance

Temporary subsidy program

Temporary subsidy is paid to the employees of those employers whose activities have been significantly disrupted due to restrictions imposed for the prevention of COVID-19.

An employer can apply for temporary subsidy for employees, if:

Salary grant

The Unemployment Insurance Fund reimburses labour costs to those employers in Harju County and Ida-Viru County whose activities have been significantly disrupted in the period from 28 December 2020 to 31 January 2021 due to extraordinary circumstances.

The salary grant is paid to a company, a branch of a foreign company, a non-profit association, a foundation or a self-employed person:

Business start-up subsidy

The business start-up subsidy (EVAT) is financial aid, the objective of which is to provide motivation and support in starting a business.

The business start-up subsidy is a labor market service.

Information about EVAT is provided in the section Services HERE 

Wage subsidy

A wage subsidy is the support given to hire unemployed persons. Its purpose is to support the hiring of people who are long-term unemployed, young, of decreased working ability or who have been released from prison.

Regional support for creating jobs

The objective of regional support for creating jobs is to facilitate the creation of jobs and the employment of unemployed persons in areas with high unemployment.

My First Job

In order to help a young person who has little work experience, we grant a wage subsidy to the employer and compensate training costs of the hired young person.


If you are registered as unemployed and are participating in a service provided by the Unemployment Insurance Fund, you may be entitled to a grant.

Commuting and accommodation benefit

If you are registered as unemployed and are participating in a service provided by the Unemployment Insurance Fund, you are entitled to commuting and accommodation benefits.

Health insurance

People registered as unemployed are covered by health insurance as of the 31st day after registration. Health insurance is in force throughout the entire time the person is registered as unemployed and one month after their registration has been cancelled. If a person’s registration as unemployed ends at the same time with their unemployment insurance benefit, their health insurance will apply for another two months after the end of provision of the benefit.


Bänner viib meie töötukassa lehele, kus saate tutvuda Töötukassa tööpakkumistega Bännerile klikates jõuate Tripodi kutsetesti tegemise lehele Clicking on the banner will redirect you to Work and Study website Bännerile klõpsates jõuate Minukarjäär veebilehele Click on the banner and ask a career specialist.  


Töötukassa offices

E-post: info [ä] tootukassa [dot] ee

Skype: tootukassa

Calling from abroad, please use the number +372 669 6513
(E-N 8.30-16.45; R 8.30-15.30, last Friday of the month 8.30-12.30)