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Unemployment insurance benefit


Lisatud 27.10.2013 | Uuendatud 21.01.2021

You have the right to receive unemployment insurance benefits if:

  • you are registered as unemployed;
  • your unemployment insurance period is at least 12 months during the 36 months before registration as unemployed;
  • you are involuntarily unemployed.

You do not have the right to receive an unemployment insurance benefit if your last employment or service relationship was terminated:

  • at the initiative of the employee or the official (except cancellation of employment contract by employee due to a fundamental breach of the employer's obligation or when an employer fails to provide an employee with work);
  • through the employee’s or the official’s fault;
  • by agreement of the parties.

The right to unemployment insurance benefit does not arise on the basis of temporary employment during the period of registration as unemployed set out in section 42 of the Labour Market Services and Benefits Act. You can read more about temporary employment while registered as unemployed HERE

You do not have the right to receive an unemployment insurance benefit if you have reached the pensionable age established on the basis of the State Pension Insurance Act or you have been granted early retirement pension or flexible old-age pension on the basis of the same Act.

Unemployment insurance period

Unemployment insurance period is a period for which an insured person receives salary for working on the basis of a contract of employment or for engagement in public service, if an unemployment insurance premium is required to be withheld from such payments.

European Union and unemployment insurance

If you are a permanent resident of one Member State of the European Union and work in another Member State, and you visit your country of residence less than once per week (i.e., you are not classified as a frontier worker), you have two options if you become unemployed:


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