If you are unable to attend work by public transport due to your disability or illness, but need to use a private car, taxi or special transport, the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund will partially reimburse you for the additional commuting expenses.
The purpose of commuting benefits is to partially compensate for the additional expenses related to commuting, which a person with reduced capacity has to cover due to the fact that they are unable to use public transport (except for taxis) as a result of their disability or health condition. Additional expenses related to commuting will be reimbursed if it is necessary for a person with reduced capacity to start or continue working. For example, if you have health barriers to using public transport on your own, including reaching a bus stop or entering, leaving or staying in public transport.
In determining the need for commuting benefits and making a decision, the case manager will rely on the information in your application, the summary of the work ability assessment expertise and/or the restrictions contained in the occupational rehabilitation action plan. If the case manager does not have enough information, they will ask you for additional information to determine the need for benefits. If necessary, the case manager may ask you to specify you home and work address.
Target group: an employed person with reduced capacity, including an employed disabled person of retirement age.
The benefits is paid for up to 12 months over three years (but not longer than 31.12.2023). This means that you do not have to use it all the time. For example, you may only need the benefits during the winter months.
The benefits is paid in the amount of 93 cents per kilometre, but not more than 26 euros per day and 300 euros per month. Commuting benefits is subject to income tax.
To apply for commuting benefits, please submit an application to the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund (the application form can be found in the information box to the right) by email or post or bring it to the office of the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund. The application has to contain reasons why you cannot use public transport for commuting due to your disability or health condition. If you are already employed, you need to further explain how you have been commuting so far.
The Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund does not pay commuting benefits in the following cases:
- if the commuting expenses are reimbursed by the local government. This means that the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund will not pay you benefits for the days when the local authority arranges a special transport service for you to go to work, as well as to the extent of the amount the authority pays you to order transport so that you can move between home and work;
- if the employer arranges transport for you to travel to and from work in full or for a certain period of time and you do not have any health barriers that prevent you from using it;
- if the expenses are incurred in connection with the performance of duties, for example, the performance of duties requires movement between different places/sites or there is a need to transport equipment needed for work;
- if your job is to provide custom work that requires moving to different addresses and these locations are not known in advance;
- if there are any administrative problems with public transport. For example, there is no public transport between home and work, the bus stop is far from you place of residence, the public transport schedules do not match working hours and you need to switch from one public transport route to another, i.e. in a situation where the barrier is not related to your health.