The new methodology for the assessment of working ability is based on the principle that every individual is unique and the same disability or illness may manifest itself very differently in different people. Upon assessing working ability, your state of health and restrictions on activity and participation arising therefrom are taken into account. This includes an assessment of your physical and mental abilities in different areas.
Physical abilities include activities such as walking, running and climbing stairs, and body positions like standing and sitting. Time and effort in conducting the activity are also taken into account. Physical abilities may be affected by e.g. the loss of a limb, joint deformity, muscle atrophy, becoming easily fatigued or shortness of breath.
Mental abilities include the ability to acquire skills, make contact with people, perceive the surrounding environment and interpersonal relationships and respond to different situations. Mental abilities may be affected by e.g. mental illnesses or learning disorders, as well as mental disorders resulting from an accident. Mental problems may also accompany chronic physical illness, which may, for example, lead to depression or the deterioration of mental abilities.
Working ability assessment consists of five steps:
- a visit from a doctor
- the submission of an application for assessment of working ability
- the preparation of an expert opinion
- a decision on the scope of working ability assessment
- the payment of a working ability allowance and, if necessary, providing you with advice and labour market services to continue working or secure employment