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Work capability assessment


Lisatud 22.04.2016 | Uuendatud 13.09.2021

As of 1 July 2016, the Unemployment Insurance Fund launched the work capability assessment for people with decreased work capability and the payment of work capability allowance.

In 2016 the Fund only assessed the work capability of those who had not been assessed as having incapacity for work in the previous five years.

As of 1 January 2017, work capability is solely assessed by the Unemployment Insurance Fund.

The following persons between the age of 16 and the age of retirement are entitled to receive a working ability allowance:

  • Estonian citizens residing in Estonia;
  • aliens residing in Estonia on the basis of a residence permit or right of residence;
  • persons enjoying international protection staying in Estonia or asylum seekers staying in Estonia who have the right to work in Estonia under the Act on Granting International Protection to Aliens.

Residents of Estonia who reside in several states are entitled to working ability assessment and a working ability allowance if they are residents for the purposes of the Income Tax Act or if they reside permanently in Estonia for the purposes of the Aliens Act.

If you click on the following window, an animation about work capability assessment will start.


Principles and methodology

The new methodology for the assessment of working ability is based on the principle that every individual is unique and the same disability or illness may manifest itself very differently in different people. Upon assessing working ability, your state of health and restrictions on activity and participation arising therefrom are taken into account. This includes an assessment of your physical and mental abilities in different areas.

Doctor’s visit and submission of application for assessment of working ability

You need to have visited your general practitioner, a medical specialist or an occupational health doctor in the six months prior to submitting an application for the assessment of your working ability. The doctor describes your state of health and enters your health data into eHealth. After this, you can fill in the application for the assessment of your working ability and submit it to the Unemployment Insurance Fund. The application includes a description of your active ability and restrictions thereon in different areas and activities.

Preparation of expert opinion

Your working ability is assessed by a medical expert who is not an employee of the Unemployment Insurance Fund. The fund orders the preparation of expert opinions from health care providers.

The medical expert assesses your working ability on the basis of your application and health data, requesting, if necessary, further information from other doctors and specialists who have treated you.


Bänner viib meie töötukassa lehele, kus saate tutvuda Töötukassa tööpakkumistega Bännerile klikates jõuate Tripodi kutsetesti tegemise lehele Clicking on the banner will redirect you to Work and Study website Bännerile klõpsates jõuate Minukarjäär veebilehele Click on the banner and ask a career specialist.  


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